Pigrimage church of Santa Maria in Pugliano and the antique cemetery Herculaneum

chiesa Pugliano
PIAZZA PUGLIANO
80056 Ercolano, Italy

Description:

The Basilica of Pugliano is rich in history and art. It is the oldest Marian shrine in Campania which has originally founded after a legend. According to oral traditions, the church was founded in a certain place called Ampellone, with the aim to convert the inhabitants to the Christian faith of St. Peter, who had landed in Calistri, a village between today Ercolano and Torre del Greco. Aside from this legend there is only one track in form of a document originating from the time of the Byzantine Duchy of Naples (661-1137), which documents the restoration of the long-abandoned areas at the foot of Mount Vesuvius.
The Basilica of Pugliano is rich in history and art. It is the oldest Marian shrine in Campania which has originally founded after a legend. According to oral traditions, the church was founded in a certain place called Ampellone, with the aim to convert the inhabitants to the Christian faith of St. Peter, who had landed in Calistri, a village between today Ercolano and Torre del Greco. Aside from this legend there is only one track in form of a document originating from the time of the Byzantine Duchy of Naples (661-1137), which documents the restoration of the long-abandoned areas at the foot of Mount Vesuvius.

Various works of art adorn the interior of the basilica. They range from sculptures of the Madonna of Pugliano, one of them even from the school of Luca Della Robbia from the 15th century, to the chapel of the black crucifix, perhaps the most valuable work of the whole basilica - a wooden cross, its dark color is interrupted only by the partial wrapping with a golden fabric from the 13th century. The chapels of St. Januarius, the St. Sebastian, St. Mary Magdalene and the Baptistery originate from the year 1425.

What wass remarkable during the eruption of the volcano in 1906 is that the lava flowed from the Vesuvius to all villages in the surroundings and they were covered with ash and volcanic rock. The inhabitants of Ercolano presented the statues of the holy Virgin and the patron Saint Gennaro, contrary to the lava and brought them miraculously to a halt.